June 12, 2017

What is limonene?

IUPAC name for limonene is 1-Methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-cyclohexene. It is one of the most widely distributed monoterpens and is biosynthesized by more than 300 different plants.

Limonene, a terpene, constitutes about 90% oil crude citrus oil and is purified from the oil by steam distillation.
D-Limonene is therefore a by-product of the fruit juice industry. Limonene can be distilled from this oils for both technical and food based uses. D-Limonene is finding wide used in the manufacture of household and personal cleaning products, partly because of its pleasant aroma.

It is also finding uses as an oil-rig cleaning agent, in paints, fragrance additives, cooling fluids and other specialty products.

D-Limonene is perhaps a carrier for the aroma of some of the minor oil-soluble flavor constituents known to be important to orange flavor. Some microorganisms are able to convert limonene to chemicals of interest, including α–terpinol, carvine and perillyl aldehyde and alcohol.
What is limonene?

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