The basic function of food is to keep us alive and healthy. The study of food science involves understanding the nature composition and behavior of food materials under varying conditions of storage processing and use.

July 26, 2014

Animal fats processing

For centuries animal fat was the principle edible source. Handing and processing animal fats have evolved from the primitive to state-of-the-art processing equipment and technology. Processing of animal fat for edible use may ranges from simple to complex.

If fat is selectively removed from the animal carcass and carefully rendered, the result product can be simply filtered to remove particulate.

For more complex products with more rigorous quality specifications, the complete processing train of caustic refining, bleaching, hydrogenation, blending and deodorization is used.

Animal fats recovered from fatty tissues by cooking processes known as rendering. The two predominant rendering processes are wet and dry rendering.

In wet rendering, the fatty tissue is heated under steam pressure, thus rupturing the cells and liberating the fat.  The lard produced by this method of rendering is known as ‘prime steam lard’. In addition to lard, tallow and whale oil also usually steam rendered. The wet process is preferred for edible animal fats.

In dry rendering, the fatty tissue is heated in jacketed drums with agitation until the fats is released. Presently, centrifuges are used to separates the fat from water and protein. The dry rendering process is preferred for inedible products.
Animal fats processing

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