March 2, 2023

Complex carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are a major macronutrient and one of human body’s primary sources of energy. Complex carbohydrates are made up of sugar molecules that are strung together in long, complex chains. These are called oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Complex carbohydrates take longer to digest than simple carbohydrates do.

These are found in almost all plant foods and contain longer chains of sugar molecules. They are most commonly found in whole wheat bread, whole grain pasta, brown rice and starchy vegetables like corn and peas.

Complex carbohydrates pack in more nutrients than simple carbs. They are higher in fiber and digest more slowly. Complex carbohydrate foods provide vitamins, minerals, and fiber that are important to the health of an individual.

Complex carbohydrates take longer to digest and are a more stable source of energy than simple carbohydrates. This means complex carbohydrates have a less immediate impact on blood sugar, causing it to rise more slowly.

Fiber and starch are the two types of complex carbohydrates. Fiber is especially important because it promotes bowel regularity and helps to control cholesterol.
Complex carbohydrates

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