July 24, 2023

Crocin in saffron

Saffron contains carotenoid pigments called crocin, bicrocin, and tricrocin, as well as a bitter glycoside known as picrocrocin, and a volatile, aromatic substance called safranal. The primary compounds responsible for the color in both saffron and gardenia are the crocins, which comprise a series of polyene dicarboxylic acid, mono, and di-glucosyl esters of crocetin.

Crocin, a major carotenoid and pharmacologically active component found in saffron, exhibits a deep red hue and forms crystals with a melting point of 186 °C when isolated in its pure chemical form. In water, it dissolves to create an orange solution.

These compounds possess numerous therapeutic properties within saffron. Crocin demonstrates both acute and chronic anti-inflammatory effects and provides various therapeutic benefits for nervous system disorders, acting as an antidementia agent, antidepressant, anxiolytic, and aphrodisiac. Furthermore, it showcases antioxidant, cardioprotective, and antitumor properties.
Crocin in saffron

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