March 13, 2024

Batch Pasteurization Overview

Batch pasteurization, also referred to as low-temperature long time (LTLT) pasteurization, has historically played a significant role in the dairy industry, although its prevalence has waned with the advent of more advanced methods like the High-Temperature Short Time (HTST) system. Despite its declining popularity, understanding batch pasteurization remains essential for comprehending the evolution of dairy processing techniques.

The process of batch pasteurization involves heating every particle of milk or milk product in appropriately designed and operated equipment. Typically, this entails heating the milk in one, two, or three tanks, where it is gradually raised to a temperature ranging between 62.8 and 65.6°C. Subsequently, the milk is held at this temperature for a duration of 30 minutes before being rapidly cooled to below 100°C. This meticulous procedure ensures the elimination of harmful bacteria while preserving the nutritional integrity of the milk.

One distinguishing aspect of batch pasteurization is its reliance on batch processing, which encompasses a series of steps including filling the vessel, heating, holding, cooling, emptying the vessel, transferring the product into containers, and finally cleaning the vessels for reuse. Throughout these stages, gentle agitation facilitates rapid heat transfer, ensuring uniform pasteurization across the entire batch.

The equipment utilized for batch pasteurization typically employs metal walls for heating and cooling. Milk is heated in open vats using either steam or hot water, with various types of pasteurizers available to accommodate different processing needs. These pasteurizers may include water-jacketed vats, water-spray types, or coil-vat types, each offering unique advantages depending on factors such as throughput and energy efficiency.

While batch pasteurization may no longer dominate the dairy industry landscape, its legacy endures as a testament to the ingenuity and innovation that have shaped modern dairy processing techniques. Understanding its principles enriches our appreciation of the evolutionary journey that has propelled the industry forward.
Batch Pasteurization Overview

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